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The KEYMAP variable is specified in the /etc/vconsole.conf file (/etc/rc.conf using the legacy rc.conf format). It defines what keymap the keyboard is in the virtual consoles. Keytable files are provided by the kbd package.

1 Keyboard layouts

This is the list of known keymap settings to work for the corresponding keyboard layouts. Most keymaps can be found in the /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/i386/layout (layout=qwerty, azerty, dvorak, etc.) directory.

Less common but nonetheless useful keymaps for Parabola are found in the /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/architecture (architecture=mac, sun, etc.) directory.

Note: In an X session, you can use setxkbmap to instantly apply keyboard layout: setxkbmap -layout dvorak
Note: If these keymaps do not work for you, make sure the keymap file exists in /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/ using find: find /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/ -name "*[your desired keymap]*"
Keyboard Keymap setting
Belgian KEYMAP=be-latin1
Brazilian Portuguese KEYMAP=br-abnt2
Canadian-French KEYMAP=cf
Canadian Multilingual (in AUR) KEYMAP=ca_multi
Colemak (US) KEYMAP=colemak
Croatian KEYMAP=croat
Czech KEYMAP=cz-lat2
Dvorak KEYMAP=dvorak
French KEYMAP=fr-latin1
German KEYMAP=de-latin1
German (no dead keys) KEYMAP=de-latin1-nodeadkeys
Italian KEYMAP=it
Lithuanian (qwerty) KEYMAP=lt.baltic
Norwegian KEYMAP=no-latin1
Polish KEYMAP=pl
Portuguese KEYMAP=pt-latin9
Romanian KEYMAP=ro_win
Russian KEYMAP=ru4
Singapore KEYMAP=sg-latin1
Slovene KEYMAP=slovene
Swedish KEYMAP=sv-latin1
Swiss-French KEYMAP=fr_CH-latin1
Swiss-German KEYMAP=de_CH-latin1
Spanish KEYMAP=es
Spanish Latinoamerican KEYMAP=la-latin1
Turkish KEYMAP=tr_q-latin5
Ukrainian KEYMAP=ua
United Kingdom KEYMAP=uk

2 Configuring the Console Keymap

  1. cd to /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/i386/qwerty
  2. Copy your default keymap ( to a new file
  3. gunzip the new map file
  4. Edit using your favorite editor. Examples:
    • Make the Right Alt key same as Left Alt key (Emacs)
      change the line include "linux-with-alt-and-altgr" to include "linux-with-two-alt-keys"
    • Swap CapsLock with Escape (Vim)
      make keycode 1 = Caps_Lock and keycode 58 = Escape
    • Make CapsLock another Control key
      change the line keycode 58 = Caps_Lock to keycode 58 = Control
    • Swap CapsLock with Left Control key
      make keycode 29 = Caps_Lock and keycode 58 = Control
  5. gzip the map file
  6. Change the default keyboard layout file that will be used by editing /etc/vconsole.conf (you might have to create this file) and changing the line that says KEYMAP=us to KEYMAP=personal
  7. Reboot to use your keymap the way nature intended (or run loadkeys personal)
Note: Prior to using /etc/vconsole.conf, KEYMAP=us was declared in /etc/rc.conf.