- pkgfile searches the .files metadata created by repo-add(8) to retrieve file information about packages. By default, the provided target is considered to be a filename and pkgfile will return the package(s) which contain this file. The repos which pkgfile searches is determined by those enabled in /etc/pacman.conf.
# pkgfile [operation] [options] target
1.1 Options and operations
|Option or operation||Description|
|-l, --list||The target is considered to be a package name rather than a filename, and the contents of the named package are returned. This allows for repo/package style syntax (such as "core/pacman") to limit the breadth of the search, but only when --list is used without the --glob or --regex options.|
|-s, --search||Search for packages containing the provided target. This is the default mode of operation.|
|-u, --update||Update the stored metadata files. It is recommended to create a daily cron job with this command to ensure accurate results. By default, only repos which are found to be newer on the mirror will be downloaded. Pass this option twice to force all repos to be downloaded.|
|-b, --binaries||Return only files which are contained within a bin or sbin directory.|
|-d, --directories||Match directories in search results.|
|-g, --glob||Enable shell-style glob pattern matching. See glob(7).|
|-i, --ignorecase||Disable case sensitivity in matching.|
|-r, --regex||Enable regular expression matching. See pcre(3).|
|-R REPO, --repo=REPO||Search only the specific repo.|
|-0, --null||Delimit output with null bytes rather than newline characters.|
|-q, --quiet||Output less. This applies to the --list operation.|
|-v, --verbose||Output more. This applies to the --search operation.|
|-w, --raw||Avoid justification of 2 column output.|
|-z, --compress[=COMPRESSION]||Repack downloaded repos with the optionally supplied compression method, which may be one of none, gzip, bzip2, lzop, lz4, lzma, or xz. If this flag is passed without a compression method, this defaults to gzip. If this flag is not passed at all, no compression will be applied. Applying any form of compression will decrease performance, but may be desirable for disk space concerns.|
|-C FILE, --config=FILE||Use a config file other than the default of /etc/pacman.conf.|
|-D DIRECTORY, --cachedir=DIRECTORY||Use a cache path other than the compile-time default.|
|-h, --help||Print help and exit.|
|-V, --version||Print the version and exit.|
Example to search for a package that contains a file named "makepkg":
$ pkgfile makepkg
So your searched file is in the pacman package from the [core] repository.
Another example to list all files provided by the archlinux-keyring package from the [core] repository:
$ pkgfile --list core/archlinux-keyring
core/archlinux-keyring usr/ core/archlinux-keyring usr/share/ core/archlinux-keyring usr/share/pacman/ core/archlinux-keyring usr/share/pacman/keyrings/ core/archlinux-keyring usr/share/pacman/keyrings/archlinux-revoked core/archlinux-keyring usr/share/pacman/keyrings/archlinux-trusted core/archlinux-keyring usr/share/pacman/keyrings/archlinux.gpg
1.2 "Command not found" hook
pkgfile includes a "command not found" hook that will automatically search the official repositories, if you enter an unrecognized command.
To enable it in all children shells, you need to source the hook from one of your shell initialization files.
- Example for Bash:
- Example for Zsh:
2 See also
Some information taken from GitHub.