This page discusses various methods on how to create a Parabola GNU/Linux-libre Installer LiveCD or USB drive (also referred to as "flash drive", "USB stick", "USB key", etc) for booting in BIOS and UEFI systems. The result will be either a LiveUSB (LiveCD-like) or optical disk system that can be used for installing Parabola GNU/Linux, system maintenance or for recovery purposes, and that, because of the nature of SquashFS, will discard all changes once the computer shuts down.
1 Using dd
1.1 BIOS and UEFI bootable USB
First, to list the block devices, execute the following command:
# lsblk -S
NAME HCTL TYPE VENDOR MODEL REV TRAN sda 0:0:0:0 disk ATA STXXXXXXXX-XXX AAAA sata sdb 5:0:0:0 disk General USB Flash Disk 1.0 usb sr0 1:0:0:0 rom PLDS DVD-RW DSXXXXX BBBB sata
Assuming you don't have many storage devices plugged in, the USB flash drive is easily identified by the VENDOR, MODEL and TRAN columns. In order to use a USB flash drive as your install medium, you will need to write to the device and not to the partition (for example, /dev/sdc not /dev/sdc1). Write to the USB flash drive with the following command (where sdx is the device):
# dd bs=4M if=~/downloads/parabola-version.iso of=/dev/sdx && sync
1.2 Optical disk
To create a disk to use as your install medium, insert a blank or re-writable disk, CD or DVD, into your disk drive. Next, you will need to mount the disk.
# mount sr0
Provided your computer has a disk drive. Sr0 should the first or only, if you only have one disk drive, mount point of disk drives. You will need to address the correct destination for the command to work.
# dd if=~/downloads/parabola-version.iso of=/dev/sr0 bs=2048 conv=noerror && sync
2 Other methods for BIOS systems
2.1 Using GNOME Disk Utility
Linux distributions running GNOME can easily make a live CD through nautilus and gnome-disk-utility. Simply right-click on the .iso file, and select Open With Disk Image Writer. When GNOME Disk Utility opens, specify the flash drive from the Destination drop-down menu and click Start Restoring.
- If you get the "device did not show up after 30 seconds" error due to the /dev/disk/by-label/PARA_YYYYMM not mounting, try renaming your USB media to PARA_YYYYMM (e.g. PARA_201806).
- If you get errors with the USB installation method, try using another USB device. There are case scenarios in which it solved all issues.